Aksum



CountryEthiopia
UNESCO RegionAfrica
LocationTigrai Region
CoordinatesN14 7 48.684 E38 43 6.996
Inscription Date1980
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsInterpretative and visitation facilities
All ThreatsWater rain/water table
All ThreatsLegal framework
Unesco Reference Number15
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/15
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=15
DescriptionThe ruins of the ancient city of Aksum are found close to Ethiopia's northern border. They mark the location of the heart of ancient Ethiopia, when the Kingdom of Aksum was the most powerful state between the Eastern Roman Empire and Persia. The massive ruins, dating from between the 1st and the 13th century A.D., include monolithic obelisks, giant stelae, royal tombs and the ruins of ancient castles. Long after its political decline in the 10th century, Ethiopian emperors continued to be crowned in Aksum.
StatusWorld Heritage Site