Alejandro de Humboldt National Park



CountryCuba
UNESCO RegionLatin America and the Caribbean
LocationGuantánamo and Holguín Provinces
CoordinatesN20 26 60 W75 0 0
Inscription Date2001
Property (ha)71,140
Type of HeritageNatural
CriteriaTo be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial; fresh water; coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals
CriteriaTo contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity; including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation
All ThreatsMining
Unesco Reference Number839
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/839
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=839
DescriptionComplex geology and varied topography have given rise to a diversity of ecosystems and species unmatched in the insular Caribbean and created one of the most biologically diverse tropical island sites on earth. Many of the underlying rocks are toxic to plants so species have had to adapt to survive in these hostile conditions. This unique process of evolution has resulted in the development of many new species and the park is one of the most important sites in the Western Hemisphere for the conservation of endemic flora. Endemism of vertebrates and invertebrates is also very high.
StatusWorld Heritage Site