Ancient City of Damascus

CountrySyrian Arab Republic
UNESCO RegionArab States
LocationAdministrative District of Damascus
CoordinatesN33 30 41.004 E36 18 23.004
Inscription Date1979
Minor Modifications2011
In Danger From2013
Property (ha)86
Buffer Zone (ha)43
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
All ThreatsManagement activities
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsWar
Unesco Reference Number20
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionFounded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. The city has some 125 monuments from different periods of its history – one of the most spectacular is the 8th-century Great Mosque of the Umayyads, built on the site of an Assyrian sanctuary.
StatusWorld Heritage Site