Ancient City of Nessebar

UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationBurgas Province
CoordinatesN42 39 21.996 E27 43 48
Inscription Date1983
Property (ha)27
Buffer Zone (ha)1,246
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsMajor visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
All ThreatsRelative humidity
All ThreatsWind
All ThreatsImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
All ThreatsDeliberate destruction of heritage
All ThreatsIllegal activities
All ThreatsErosion and siltation/ deposition
All ThreatsLegal framework
Unesco Reference Number217
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionSituated on a rocky peninsula on the Black Sea, the more than 3,000-year-old site of Nessebar was originally a Thracian settlement (Menebria). At the beginning of the 6th century BC, the city became a Greek colony. The city’s remains, which date mostly from the Hellenistic period, include the acropolis, a temple of Apollo, an agora and a wall from the Thracian fortifications. Among other monuments, the Stara Mitropolia Basilica and the fortress date from the Middle Ages, when this was one of the most important Byzantine towns on the west coast of the Black Sea. Wooden houses built in the 19th century are typical of the Black Sea architecture of the period.
StatusWorld Heritage Site