Ancient City of Sigiriya

CountrySri Lanka
UNESCO RegionAsia and the Pacific
LocationCentral Province, Matale District
CoordinatesN7 57 0 E80 45 0
Inscription Date1982
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsAir transport infrastructure
All ThreatsLegal framework
Unesco Reference Number202
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionThe ruins of the capital built by the parricidal King Kassapa I (477–95) lie on the steep slopes and at the summit of a granite peak standing some 180m high (the 'Lion's Rock', which dominates the jungle from all sides). A series of galleries and staircases emerging from the mouth of a gigantic lion constructed of bricks and plaster provide access to the site.
StatusWorld Heritage Site