Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis

UNESCO RegionArab States
LocationGovernorate of Qina
CoordinatesN25 43 59.988 E32 36 0
Inscription Date1979
Property (ha)7,390
Buffer Zone (ha)444
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsLand conversion
All ThreatsWater rain/water table
All ThreatsDeliberate destruction of heritage
All ThreatsFlooding
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsIdentity/ social cohesion/ changes in local population and community
All ThreatsChanges in traditional ways of life and knowledge system
All ThreatsCrop production
All ThreatsGround transport infrastructure
All ThreatsIllegal activities
Unesco Reference Number87
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionThebes, the city of the god Amon, was the capital of Egypt during the period of the Middle and New Kingdoms. With the temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor, and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, Thebes is a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization at its height.
StatusWorld Heritage Site