Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun

UNESCO RegionAsia and the Pacific
LocationYi county, Huangshan city, Anhui Province
CoordinatesN29 54 16 E117 59 15
Inscription Date2000
Property (ha)52
Buffer Zone (ha)730
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
Unesco Reference Number1002
DescriptionThe two traditional villages of Xidi and Hongcun preserve to a remarkable extent the appearance of non-urban settlements of a type that largely disappeared or was transformed during the last century. Their street plan, their architecture and decoration, and the integration of houses with comprehensive water systems are unique surviving examples.
StatusWorld Heritage Site