Ancient Villages of Northern Syria



Syrian Arab RepublicArab StatesN36 20 3 E36 50 392011201312,290CulturalTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappearedTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human historyTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible changeHousingFinancial resourcesHuman resourcesLegal frameworkManagement systems/ management planWar1348http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1348http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1348Some 40 villages grouped in eight parks situated in north-western Syria provide remarkable testimony to rural life in late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period. Abandoned in the 8th to 10th centuries, the villages, which date from the 1st to 7th centuries, feature a remarkably well preserved landscape and the architectural remains of dwellings, pagan temples, churches, cisterns, bathhouses etc. The relict cultural landscape of the villages also constitutes an important illustration of the transition from the ancient pagan world of the Roman Empire to Byzantine Christianity. Vestiges illustrating hydraulic techniques, protective walls and Roman agricultural plot plans furthermore offer testimony to the inhabitants' mastery of agricultural production.World Heritage Site
CountrySyrian Arab Republic
UNESCO RegionArab States
CoordinatesN36 20 3 E36 50 39
Inscription Date2011
In Danger From2013
Property (ha)12,290
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsFinancial resources
All ThreatsHuman resources
All ThreatsLegal framework
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsWar
Unesco Reference Number1348
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1348
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1348
DescriptionSome 40 villages grouped in eight parks situated in north-western Syria provide remarkable testimony to rural life in late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period. Abandoned in the 8th to 10th centuries, the villages, which date from the 1st to 7th centuries, feature a remarkably well preserved landscape and the architectural remains of dwellings, pagan temples, churches, cisterns, bathhouses etc. The relict cultural landscape of the villages also constitutes an important illustration of the transition from the ancient pagan world of the Roman Empire to Byzantine Christianity. Vestiges illustrating hydraulic techniques, protective walls and Roman agricultural plot plans furthermore offer testimony to the inhabitants' mastery of agricultural production.
StatusWorld Heritage Site