Arabian Oryx Sanctuary

UNESCO RegionArab States
LocationCentral Region
CoordinatesN19 41 60 E57 0 0
Inscription Date1994
Delisted Date2007
Property (ha)2,750,000
Type of HeritageNatural
CriteriaTo contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity; including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation
All ThreatsIllegal activities
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsLivestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
All ThreatsOil and gas
All ThreatsLegal framework
All ThreatsEffects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
All ThreatsLocalised utilities
Unesco Reference Number654
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionThe Arabian Oryx Sanctuary is an area within the Central Desert and Coastal Hills biogeographical regions of Oman. Seasonal fogs and dews support a unique desert ecosystem whose diverse flora includes several endemic plants. Its rare fauna includes the first free-ranging herd of Arabian oryx since the global extinction of the species in the wild in 1972 and its reintroduction here in 1982. The only wild breeding sites in Arabia of the endangered houbara bustard, a species of wader, are also to be found, as well as Nubian ibex, Arabian wolves, honey badgers, caracals and the largest wild population of Arabian gazelle.
StatusWorld Heritage Site