Aranjuez Cultural Landscape



CountrySpain
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationProvince and Autonomous Community of Madrid
CoordinatesN40 2 11.22 W3 36 33.624
Inscription Date2001
Property (ha)2,048
Buffer Zone (ha)16,605
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
Unesco Reference Number1044
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1044
DescriptionThe Aranjuez cultural landscape is an entity of complex relationships: between nature and human activity, between sinuous watercourses and geometric landscape design, between the rural and the urban, between forest landscape and the delicately modulated architecture of its palatial buildings. Three hundred years of royal attention to the development and care of this landscape have seen it express an evolution of concepts from humanism and political centralization, to characteristics such as those found in its 18th century French-style Baroque garden, to the urban lifestyle which developed alongside the sciences of plant acclimatization and stock-breeding during the Age of Enlightenment.
StatusWorld Heritage Site