Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata



ItalyEurope and North AmericaProvince of Naples, CampaniaN40 45 0 E14 28 6019979824CulturalTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappearedTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human historyTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible changeImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreationManagement activitiesManagement systems/ management planHousingSolid wasteRelative humidityWater rain/water tableStormsHyper-abundant speciesFinancial resourcesHuman resources829http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/829http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=829When Vesuvius erupted on 24 August AD 79, it engulfed the two flourishing Roman towns of Pompei and Herculaneum, as well as the many wealthy villas in the area. These have been progressively excavated and made accessible to the public since the mid-18th century. The vast expanse of the commercial town of Pompei contrasts with the smaller but better-preserved remains of the holiday resort of Herculaneum, while the superb wall paintings of the Villa Oplontis at Torre Annunziata give a vivid impression of the opulent lifestyle enjoyed by the wealthier citizens of the Early Roman Empire.World Heritage Site
CountryItaly
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationProvince of Naples, Campania
CoordinatesN40 45 0 E14 28 60
Inscription Date1997
Property (ha)98
Buffer Zone (ha)24
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
All ThreatsImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
All ThreatsManagement activities
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsSolid waste
All ThreatsRelative humidity
All ThreatsWater rain/water table
All ThreatsStorms
All ThreatsHyper-abundant species
All ThreatsFinancial resources
All ThreatsHuman resources
Unesco Reference Number829
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/829
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=829
DescriptionWhen Vesuvius erupted on 24 August AD 79, it engulfed the two flourishing Roman towns of Pompei and Herculaneum, as well as the many wealthy villas in the area. These have been progressively excavated and made accessible to the public since the mid-18th century. The vast expanse of the commercial town of Pompei contrasts with the smaller but better-preserved remains of the holiday resort of Herculaneum, while the superb wall paintings of the Villa Oplontis at Torre Annunziata give a vivid impression of the opulent lifestyle enjoyed by the wealthier citizens of the Early Roman Empire.
StatusWorld Heritage Site