Archaeological Site of Olympia



CountryGreece
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationPrefecture of Ilia, Region of West Greece in the Western Peloponnese
CoordinatesN37 38 60 E21 40 0
Inscription Date1989
Property (ha)106
Buffer Zone (ha)1,458
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
Unesco Reference Number517
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/517
DescriptionThe site of Olympia, in a valley in the Peloponnesus, has been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the 10th century B.C., Olympia became a centre for the worship of Zeus. The Altis – the sanctuary to the gods – has one of the highest concentrations of masterpieces from the ancient Greek world. In addition to temples, there are the remains of all the sports structures erected for the Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia every four years beginning in 776 B.C.
StatusWorld Heritage Site