Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)



CountryIraq
UNESCO RegionArab States
LocationGovernorate of Salah ad Din
CoordinatesN35 27 32.004 E43 15 34.992
Inscription Date2003
In Danger From2003
Property (ha)70
Buffer Zone (ha)100
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
All ThreatsWater infrastructure
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsFlooding
All ThreatsIllegal activities
All ThreatsHuman resources
Unesco Reference Number1130
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1130
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1130
DescriptionThe ancient city of Ashur is located on the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia in a specific geo-ecological zone, at the borderline between rain-fed and irrigation agriculture. The city dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. From the 14th to the 9th centuries BC it was the first capital of the Assyrian Empire, a city-state and trading platform of international importance. It also served as the religious capital of the Assyrians, associated with the god Ashur. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians, but revived during the Parthian period in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD.
StatusWorld Heritage Site