At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah



CountrySaudi Arabia
UNESCO RegionArab States
CoordinatesN24 44 2.88 E46 34 20.88
Inscription Date2010
Property (ha)29
Buffer Zone (ha)238
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
Unesco Reference Number1329
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1329
DescriptionThis property was the first capital of the Saudi Dynasty, in the heart of the Arabian Penisula, north-west of Riyadh. Founded in the 15th century, it bears witness to the Najdi architectural style, which is specific to the centre of the Arabian peninsula. In the 18th and early 19th century, its political and religious role increased, and the citadel at at-Turaif became the centre of the temporal power of the House of Saud and the spread of the Wahhabi reform inside the Muslim religion. The property includes the remains of many palaces and an urban ensemble built on the edge of the ad-Dir’iyah oasis.
StatusWorld Heritage Site