Auschwitz Birkenau German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)

UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationOswiecim County, Lesser Poland (Malopolska) Voivodship (formerly Bielsko-Biala)
CoordinatesN50 2 20 E19 10 30
Inscription Date1979
Property (ha)192
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsInterpretative and visitation facilities
All ThreatsImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
All ThreatsCommercial development
All ThreatsLocalised utilities
Unesco Reference Number31
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionThe fortified walls, barbed wire, platforms, barracks, gallows, gas chambers and cremation ovens show the conditions within which the Nazi genocide took place in the former concentration and extermination camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest in the Third Reich. According to historical investigations, 1.5 million people, among them a great number of Jews, were systematically starved, tortured and murdered in this camp, the symbol of humanity's cruelty to its fellow human beings in the 20th century.
StatusWorld Heritage Site