Bam and its Cultural Landscape



Iran (Islamic Republic of)Asia and the PacificKerman Province, Bam DistrictN29 7 0.588 E58 22 020042007CulturalTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape designTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappearedTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human historyTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible changeHousingManagement systems/ management planEarthquakeManagement activities1208http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1208http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1208Bam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanāts, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers ( ).World Heritage Site
CountryIran (Islamic Republic of)
UNESCO RegionAsia and the Pacific
LocationKerman Province, Bam District
CoordinatesN29 7 0.588 E58 22 0
Inscription Date2004
Minor Modifications2007
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsEarthquake
All ThreatsManagement activities
Unesco Reference Number1208
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1208
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1208
DescriptionBam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanāts, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers ( ).
StatusWorld Heritage Site