Birka and Hovgården



CountrySweden
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationStockholm County (Region of Uppland)
CoordinatesN59 20 6.504 E17 32 33.504
Inscription Date1993
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
Unesco Reference Number555
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/555
DescriptionThe Birka archaeological site is located on Björkö Island in Lake Mälar and was occupied in the 9th and 10th centuries. Hovgården is situated on the neighbouring island of Adelsö. Together, they make up an archaeological complex which illustrates the elaborate trading networks of Viking-Age Europe and their influence on the subsequent history of Scandinavia. Birka was also important as the site of the first Christian congregation in Sweden, founded in 831 by St Ansgar.
StatusWorld Heritage Site