Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem



CountryPalestine
UNESCO RegionArab States
CoordinatesN31 42 15.67 E35 12 27
Inscription Date2012
In Danger From2012
Property (ha)2.98
Buffer Zone (ha)23
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
All ThreatsWater rain/water table
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
Unesco Reference Number1433
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1433
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1433
DescriptionThe inscribed property is situated 10 km south of Jerusalem on the site identified by Christian tradition as the birthplace of Jesus since the 2nd century. A church was first completed there in ad 339 and the edifice that replaced it after a fire in the 6th century retains elaborate floor mosaics from the original building. The site also includes Latin, Greek Orthodox, Franciscan and Armenian convents and churches, as well as bell towers, terraced gardens and a pilgrimage route.
StatusWorld Heritage Site