Borobudur Temple Compounds

UNESCO RegionAsia and the Pacific
LocationRegency of Magelang, Province of Central Java
CoordinatesS7 36 28.008 E110 12 12.996
Inscription Date1991
Property (ha)26
Buffer Zone (ha)64
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
All ThreatsCommercial development
All ThreatsInterpretative and visitation facilities
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsGround transport infrastructure
All ThreatsSolid waste
All ThreatsDeliberate destruction of heritage
All ThreatsLegal framework
All ThreatsManagement activities
Unesco Reference Number592
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionThis famous Buddhist temple, dating from the 8th and 9th centuries, is located in central Java. It was built in three tiers: a pyramidal base with five concentric square terraces, the trunk of a cone with three circular platforms and, at the top, a monumental stupa. The walls and balustrades are decorated with fine low reliefs, covering a total surface area of 2,500 m. Around the circular platforms are 72 openwork stupas, each containing a statue of the Buddha. The monument was restored with UNESCO's help in the 1970s.
StatusWorld Heritage Site