Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire



TurkeyEurope and North AmericaN40 11 005.03 E29 03 44.412014CulturalTo represent a masterpiece of human creative geniusTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technologyTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappearedTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human historyTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance1452http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1452Bursa and Cumalıkızık: The Birth of the Ottoman Empire is a serial nomination of eight component sites in the City of Bursa and the nearby village of Cumalıkızık, in the southern Marmara Region. The site illustrates the creation of an urban and rural system establishing the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century. The property illustrates key functions of the social and economic organization of the new capital which evolved around a new civic centre. These include commercial districts of khans, kulliyes (religious institutions) integrating mosques, religious schools, public baths and a kitchen for the poor as well as the tomb of Orhan Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty. One component outside the historic centre of Bursa is the village of Cumalıkızık, the only rural village of this system to show the provision of hinterland support for the capital.World Heritage Site
CountryTurkey
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
CoordinatesN40 11 005.03 E29 03 44.41
Inscription Date2014
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
Unesco Reference Number1452
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1452
DescriptionBursa and Cumalıkızık: The Birth of the Ottoman Empire is a serial nomination of eight component sites in the City of Bursa and the nearby village of Cumalıkızık, in the southern Marmara Region. The site illustrates the creation of an urban and rural system establishing the Ottoman Empire in the early 14th century. The property illustrates key functions of the social and economic organization of the new capital which evolved around a new civic centre. These include commercial districts of khans, kulliyes (religious institutions) integrating mosques, religious schools, public baths and a kitchen for the poor as well as the tomb of Orhan Ghazi, the founder of the Ottoman dynasty. One component outside the historic centre of Bursa is the village of Cumalıkızık, the only rural village of this system to show the provision of hinterland support for the capital.
StatusWorld Heritage Site