Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long - Hanoi



CountryViet Nam
UNESCO RegionAsia and the Pacific
CoordinatesN21 2 22 E105 50 14
Inscription Date2010
Property (ha)18
Buffer Zone (ha)108
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
Unesco Reference Number1328
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1328
DescriptionThe Thang Long Imperial Citadel was built in the 11th century by the Ly Viet Dynasty, marking the independence of the Dai Viet. It was constructed on the remains of a Chinese fortress dating from the 7th century, on drained land reclaimed from the Red River Delta in Hanoi. It was the centre of regional political power for almost 13 centuries without interruption. The Imperial Citadel buildings and the remains in the 18 Hoang Dieu Archaeological Site reflect a unique South-East Asian culture specific to the lower Red River Valley, at the crossroads between influences coming from China in the north and the ancient Kingdom of Champa in the south.
StatusWorld Heritage Site