Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)



CountryIndia
UNESCO RegionAsia and the Pacific
LocationCity of Mumbai, Maharashtra State
CoordinatesN18 56 24.44 E72 50 10.33
Inscription Date2004
Property (ha)2.85
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
Unesco Reference Number945
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/945
DescriptionThe Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, formerly known as Victoria Terminus Station, in Mumbai, is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. The building, designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and the major international mercantile port of India. The terminal was built over 10 years, starting in 1878, according to a High Victorian Gothic design based on late medieval Italian models. Its remarkable stone dome, turrets, pointed arches and eccentric ground plan are close to traditional Indian palace architecture. It is an outstanding example of the meeting of two cultures, as British architects worked with Indian craftsmen to include Indian architectural tradition and idioms thus forging a new style unique to Bombay.
StatusWorld Heritage Site