Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent

CountryRussian Federation
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationDagestan, Eastern Caucasus, Western coast of Caspian Sea
CoordinatesN42 3 10.7 E48 17 49.9
Inscription Date2003
Property (ha)9.7
Buffer Zone (ha)2
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
Unesco Reference Number1070
DescriptionThe Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent were part of the northern lines of the Sasanian Persian Empire, which extended east and west of the Caspian Sea. The fortification was built in stone. It consisted of two parallel walls that formed a barrier from the seashore up to the mountain. The town of Derbent was built between these two walls, and has retained part of its medieval fabric. The site continued to be of great strategic importance until the 19th century.
StatusWorld Heritage Site