City of Cuzco

UNESCO RegionLatin America and the Caribbean
LocationCity of Cuzco
CoordinatesS13 31 19.992 W71 58 59.988
Inscription Date1983
Property (ha)142
Buffer Zone (ha)285
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsEffects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
All ThreatsCommercial development
All ThreatsManagement activities
All ThreatsMajor visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
All ThreatsUnderground transport infrastructure
All ThreatsInput of excess energy
All ThreatsLand conversion
All ThreatsWater rain/water table
All ThreatsImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
All ThreatsSociety's valuing of heritage
All ThreatsFinancial resources
All ThreatsHuman resources
All ThreatsLegal framework
Unesco Reference Number273
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionSituated in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco developed, under the Inca ruler Pachacutec, into a complex urban centre with distinct religious and administrative functions. It was surrounded by clearly delineated areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they preserved the basic structure but built Baroque churches and palaces over the ruins of the Inca city.
StatusWorld Heritage Site