Cocos Island National Park

CountryCosta Rica
UNESCO RegionLatin America and the Caribbean
LocationProvince of Puntarenas, South Eastern Tropical Pacific
CoordinatesN5 31 60 W87 4 0
Inscription Date1997
Property (ha)199,790
Type of HeritageNatural
CriteriaTo be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial; fresh water; coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals
CriteriaTo contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity; including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation
All ThreatsIllegal activities
All ThreatsFinancial resources
Unesco Reference Number820
State of Conservation Report
DescriptionCocos Island National Park, located 550 km off the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, is the only island in the tropical eastern Pacific with a tropical rainforest. Its position as the first point of contact with the northern equatorial counter-current, and the myriad interactions between the island and the surrounding marine ecosystem, make the area an ideal laboratory for the study of biological processes. The underwater world of the national park has become famous due to the attraction it holds for divers, who rate it as one of the best places in the world to view large pelagic species such as sharks, rays, tuna and dolphins.
StatusWorld Heritage Site