Coiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection



PanamaLatin America and the CaribbeanProvinces of Veraguas and ChiriquíN7 25 58.8 W81 45 57.62005270,125NaturalTo be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial; fresh water; coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animalsTo contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity; including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservationLivestock farming / grazing of domesticated animalsMarine transport infrastructureHuman resourcesLegal frameworkMajor visitor accommodation and associated infrastructureFishing/collecting aquatic resourcesImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreationErosion and siltation/ depositionFinancial resourcesManagement systems/ management plan1138http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1138http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1138Coiba National Park, off the southwest coast of Panama, protects Coiba Island, 38 smaller islands and the surrounding marine areas within the Gulf of Chiriqui. Protected from the cold winds and effects of El Niño, Coiba’s Pacific tropical moist forest maintains exceptionally high levels of endemism of mammals, birds and plants due to the ongoing evolution of new species. It is also the last refuge for a number of threatened animals such as the crested eagle. The property is an outstanding natural laboratory for scientific research and provides a key ecological link to the Tropical Eastern Pacific for the transit and survival of pelagic fish and marine mammals.World Heritage Site
CountryPanama
UNESCO RegionLatin America and the Caribbean
LocationProvinces of Veraguas and Chiriquí
CoordinatesN7 25 58.8 W81 45 57.6
Inscription Date2005
Property (ha)270,125
Type of HeritageNatural
CriteriaTo be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial; fresh water; coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals
CriteriaTo contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity; including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation
All ThreatsLivestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
All ThreatsMarine transport infrastructure
All ThreatsHuman resources
All ThreatsLegal framework
All ThreatsMajor visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
All ThreatsFishing/collecting aquatic resources
All ThreatsImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
All ThreatsErosion and siltation/ deposition
All ThreatsFinancial resources
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
Unesco Reference Number1138
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1138
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=1138
DescriptionCoiba National Park, off the southwest coast of Panama, protects Coiba Island, 38 smaller islands and the surrounding marine areas within the Gulf of Chiriqui. Protected from the cold winds and effects of El Niño, Coiba’s Pacific tropical moist forest maintains exceptionally high levels of endemism of mammals, birds and plants due to the ongoing evolution of new species. It is also the last refuge for a number of threatened animals such as the crested eagle. The property is an outstanding natural laboratory for scientific research and provides a key ecological link to the Tropical Eastern Pacific for the transit and survival of pelagic fish and marine mammals.
StatusWorld Heritage Site