Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley



AfghanistanAsia and the PacificBamiyan Province, Bamiyan DistrictN34 50 48.984 E67 49 30.920032003159342CulturalTo represent a masterpiece of human creative geniusTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape designTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappearedTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human historyTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significanceCivil unrestIllegal activitiesDeliberate destruction of heritageManagement systems/ management planGround transport infrastructure208http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=208The cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley represent the artistic and religious developments which from the 1st to the 13th centuries characterized ancient Bakhtria, integrating various cultural influences into the Gandhara school of Buddhist art. The area contains numerous Buddhist monastic ensembles and sanctuaries, as well as fortified edifices from the Islamic period. The site is also testimony to the tragic destruction by the Taliban of the two standing Buddha statues, which shook the world in March 2001.World Heritage Site
CountryAfghanistan
UNESCO RegionAsia and the Pacific
LocationBamiyan Province, Bamiyan District
CoordinatesN34 50 48.984 E67 49 30.9
Inscription Date2003
In Danger From2003
Property (ha)159
Buffer Zone (ha)342
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo represent a masterpiece of human creative genius
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
All ThreatsCivil unrest
All ThreatsIllegal activities
All ThreatsDeliberate destruction of heritage
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsGround transport infrastructure
Unesco Reference Number208
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=208
DescriptionThe cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the Bamiyan Valley represent the artistic and religious developments which from the 1st to the 13th centuries characterized ancient Bakhtria, integrating various cultural influences into the Gandhara school of Buddhist art. The area contains numerous Buddhist monastic ensembles and sanctuaries, as well as fortified edifices from the Islamic period. The site is also testimony to the tragic destruction by the Taliban of the two standing Buddha statues, which shook the world in March 2001.
StatusWorld Heritage Site