Cultural Landscape of Sintra



PortugalEurope and North AmericaSintra/SerraN38 46 59.988 W9 25 0.01219959463,641CulturalTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape designTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human historyTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible changeManagement systems/ management planHousingImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreationMajor visitor accommodation and associated infrastructureEffects arising from use of transportation infrastructureTemperature changeFire widlfiresManagement activities723http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/723http://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=723In the 19th century Sintra became the first centre of European Romantic architecture. Ferdinand II turned a ruined monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the use of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish and Renaissance elements and in the creation of a park blending local and exotic species of trees. Other fine dwellings, built along the same lines in the surrounding , created a unique combination of parks and gardens which influenced the development of landscape architecture throughout Europe.World Heritage Site
CountryPortugal
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationSintra/Serra
CoordinatesN38 46 59.988 W9 25 0.012
Inscription Date1995
Property (ha)946
Buffer Zone (ha)3,641
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement; land-use; or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures); or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
All ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan
All ThreatsHousing
All ThreatsImpacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
All ThreatsMajor visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
All ThreatsEffects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
All ThreatsTemperature change
All ThreatsFire widlfires
All ThreatsManagement activities
Unesco Reference Number723
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/723
State of Conservation Reporthttp://whc.unesco.org/en/soc/?action=list&id_site=723
DescriptionIn the 19th century Sintra became the first centre of European Romantic architecture. Ferdinand II turned a ruined monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the use of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish and Renaissance elements and in the creation of a park blending local and exotic species of trees. Other fine dwellings, built along the same lines in the surrounding , created a unique combination of parks and gardens which influenced the development of landscape architecture throughout Europe.
StatusWorld Heritage Site