Durham Castle and Cathedral



CountryUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
UNESCO RegionEurope and North America
LocationCounty of Durham, England
CoordinatesN54 46 29 W1 34 34
Inscription Date1986
Minor Modifications2008
Property (ha)8.79
Type of HeritageCultural
CriteriaTo exhibit an important interchange of human values - over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world - on developments in architecture or technology; monumental arts; town-planning or landscape design
CriteriaTo be an outstanding example of a type of building; architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history
CriteriaTo be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions; with ideas; or with beliefs; with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance
Unesco Reference Number370
URLhttp://whc.unesco.org/en/list/370
DescriptionDurham Cathedral was built in the late 11th and early 12th centuries to house the relics of St Cuthbert (evangelizer of Northumbria) and the Venerable Bede. It attests to the importance of the early Benedictine monastic community and is the largest and finest example of Norman architecture in England. The innovative audacity of its vaulting foreshadowed Gothic architecture. Behind the cathedral stands the castle, an ancient Norman fortress which was the residence of the prince-bishops of Durham.
StatusWorld Heritage Site