Egypt



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Document
Image
Type of Heritage
Inscription Date
Description
Coordinates
Abu MenaCultural1979The church, baptistry, basilicas, public buildings, streets, monasteries, houses and workshops in this early Christian holy city were built over the tomb of the martyr Menas of Alexandria, who died in A.D. 296.N30 51 0 E29 40 0
Ancient Thebes with its NecropolisCultural1979Thebes, the city of the god Amon, was the capital of Egypt during the period of the Middle and New Kingdoms. With the temples and palaces at Karnak and Luxor, and the necropolises of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, Thebes is a striking testimony to Egyptian civilization at its height.N25 43 59.988 E32 36 0
Historic CairoCultural1979Tucked away amid the modern urban area of Cairo lies one of the world's oldest Islamic cities, with its famous mosques, and fountains. Founded in the 10th century, it became the new centre of the Islamic world, reaching its golden age in the 14th century.N30 3 0 E31 15 39.996
Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to DahshurCultural1979The capital of the Old Kingdom of Egypt has some extraordinary funerary monuments, including rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples and pyramids. In ancient times, the site was considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.N29 58 33.744 E31 7 49.476
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to PhilaeCultural1979This outstanding archaeological area contains such magnificent monuments as the Temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, which were saved from the rising waters of the Nile thanks to the International Campaign launched by UNESCO, in 1960 to 1980.N22 20 11.004 E31 37 33.996
Saint Catherine AreaCultural2002The Orthodox Monastery of St Catherine stands at the foot of Mount Horeb where, the Old Testament records, Moses received the Tablets of the Law. The mountain is known and revered by Muslims as Jebel Musa. The entire area is sacred to three world religions: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. The Monastery, founded in the 6th century, is the oldest Christian monastery still in use for its initial function. Its walls and buildings of great significace to studies of Byzantine architecture and the Monastery houses outstanding collections of early Christian manuscripts and icons. The rugged mountainous landscape, containing numerous archaeological and religious sites and monuments, forms a perfect backdrop to the Monastery.N28 33 22.428 E33 58 31.548
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley)Natural2005Wadi Al-Hitan, Whale Valley, in the Western Desert of Egypt, contains invaluable fossil remains of the earliest, and now extinct, suborder of whales, Archaeoceti. These fossils represent one of the major stories of evolution: the emergence of the whale as an ocean-going mammal from a previous life as a land-based animal. This is the most important site in the world for the demonstration of this stage of evolution. It portrays vividly the form and life of these whales during their transition. The number, concentration and quality of such fossils here is unique, as is their accessibility and setting in an attractive and protected landscape. The fossils of Al-Hitan show the youngest archaeocetes, in the last stages of losing their hind limbs. Other fossil material in the site makes it possible to reconstruct the surrounding environmental and ecological conditions of the time.N29 19 59.988 E30 10 59.988


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